RedVector RV-10263

Boundary Monuments: Artificial and Natural Markers

Boundary Monuments: Artificial and Natural Markers

2 hrs. Online Course

Level: Intermediate

Item#: RV-10263

SME: Patrick C. Garner, P.L.S., Wetland Scientist

This course has been discontinued.

Land surveying has a rich—and sometimes quirky—history of using monuments that were particular to a given region like wood stakes, iron pipes, and wheelbarrow axles. As a surveyor, you need to know the differences between natural and artificial boundary monuments.
 
This interactive online course gives you a brief history of boundary monuments; legal principles of permanence, visibility, and accuracy; and a discussion of the “ideal” monument.
Course Objectives

Upon completing this course, you will be able to:

  • Explain the ancient and contemporary intent of monuments
  • Discuss the significance of property markers and their permanence
  • Define the occasional difficulties typically encountered in boundary retracement
  • Describe boundary markers historic and modern
SUBJECT MATTER EXPERT: Patrick C. Garner, P.L.S., Wetland Scientist
Patrick C. Garner, P.L.S., Wetland Scientist Photo
Patrick C. Garner is a Professional Land Surveyor in Massachusetts who has been in private practice for over 40 years. A Principal of Patrick C. Garner Company Inc., he frequently conducts technical seminars, does peer reviews for cities and towns, and works as an expert witness in Massachusetts courts. He also provides numerous active on-line continuing education courses through RedVector, many of which focus on legal, business and technical issues in land surveying.
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